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Types of Thermal Insulation Materials, Insulation Material Models

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Types of Thermal Insulation Materials in Buildings

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Types of Thermal Insulation Materials in Buildings

    Types of Thermal Insulation Materials

    The best heat insulator is dry, still air. Therefore, a thermal insulator would be a material consisting of an infinite number of cells filled with air or static gas. These pockets are made of either tight fibers (mineral wool or natural wool) or bubbles of synthetic material ( polystyrene , polyurethane, etc.).
    The main thermal insulators can be divided into three main families:
    1. Materials designed from mineral products (mineral wool, porous glass, vermiculite, perlite, etc.)
    2. Animal or plant materials (motoneous wool, duck down, linen, cotton wool, coconut, cellulose filler, straw, cork, wood fibres, hemp or cellulose ...)
    3. Synthetic insulation (polystyrene, polyurethane, PVC ...)
    Thermal insulation Two types of insulation:
    - Inexpensive interior insulation does not change the external appearance of the building and allows the space to warm up quickly, a vapor barrier is integrated into the insulation to prevent condensation. This process reduces interior space and creates many thermal bridges that damage the home's heat losses.
    - Or external jacketing makes it possible to make the most of the inertia of the wall during the heating period, some of the heat is absorbed by the wall which gradually releases it and limits the thermal bridges.
    Materials that can store heat are not insulators, but the properties of materials can be used well. Insulation materials and exterior cladding materials of buildings have the ability to physically stop the spread of heat and cold to prevent or hinder them. Inertia is a quality in heating and cooling.
    To create an excellent building material, three conditions must be met:
    1. Do not be too insulating so that heat can enter the material.
    2. Have a good capacity to accumulate heat.
    3. Have high density to store heat in minimum thickness.
    Thermal insulation Know a good insulator
    To select a heat insulator, it is necessary to check the performance of an insulator, which is indicated by two parameters: conductivity coefficient (lambda) and thermal resistance (R).
    The thermal resistance R (resistance of the material to heat transfer through a wall) is expressed in m2 ° C / W and it depends on the conductivity coefficient and the thickness of the insulation. The thermal resistance R of a wall is equal to the thickness of the material divided by the conductivity coefficient. When the available space does not allow a sufficient thickness to be installed, a material with a particularly low conductivity should be sought.
    In order for the insulation  to be successful and to remain intact for a long time, the  sheathing materials used during the application  are of great importance. The sheathing process  can only be permanent with the right material selection and can  meet other goals, especially thermal insulation . In the correct selection of the insulation materials to be used in the buildings  , the characteristics of the building, the purpose of use and the climatic conditions are of great importance.
    The design of the building is also important when making thermal insulation.
     
    Wood has a much better environmental balance than concrete (which is a huge emitter of CO2, because 1 tonne of concrete provides 1 tonne of CO2!). Wood or stone often seems cheap in terms of "embodied energy," but these materials, combined with production and distant shipping, can ruin a building's overall bottom line. 

    In building facade designs, it has become much more important that it appeals to the eye rather than obtaining a standard appearance. For this purpose,  detailed exterior cladding studies are carried  out. However, the  types and prices of these practical exterior cladding materials  vary. 

    The siding-printed exterior claddings  manufactured using  natural sheathing materials  or  the fuga siding models  provide an aesthetic appearance to the exterior  with their wooden texture " Exterior paint " can be applied on it, it is resistant to moisture, does not swell and spill, has long-term durability, is resistant to heat and fire, can be easily applied to all kinds of buildings.

    The reason for this is that the buildings are constructed in different types, the special requests of the individuals, and the preferred thermal insulation materials are of different qualities. There are exterior cladding materials such as stone cladding , parquet profile, wooden wall cladding , and detailed jamb cladding . Generally, it is extremely important to have integrity in site structures. For this reason, what needs to be done is to make the same exterior applications in all buildings and the quality of each of them is the same.           

    Various exterior cladding materials and construction companies or private siding companies create design wonders . Metpor exterior cladding materials , such as siding printing , fuga liner,  terracotta cladding  and wood-patterned exterior cladding, not only  add visuality to buildings,  but also carry  a high degree of  sheathing  , that is,  insulation .       

    Some Thermal Insulation Materials and Types Produced in Turkey

    Glasswool : ( TS 901 – EN13162 )
    Rockwool : ( TS 901 – EN13162 )
    Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) : ( TS7316 – EN13163 )
    Extruded Polystyrene (XPS) : ( TS11989 – EN13164 )
    Polyurethane Foam (PUR) : ( TS
    Glass EN 13165 ) Foam : ( TS EN 13167 )
    Phenol Foam : ( TS 2193 - EN 13166 )
    Polyethylene Foam : ( TS 418 - EN 12201 )
    Cork Boards : ( TS 304 )
    Wood Fiber Boards : ( TS 304 )
    Wood Wool Boards : ( TS EN 13171 )
    Expanded Perlite (EPB) : ( TS EN 13169 )
    Expanded Cork (ICB) : ( TS EN 13170 )

    The main  building curtain wall  systems are facade panel, unit, classical, structural putty and structural sealing. They are materials that protect the effects coming directly from the outside of the building, that is, from the atmosphere, from the wall core of the building.  The main function of siding in buildings; to provide thermal insulation and aesthetically, to provide a decorative feature in terms of architectural appearance. Exterior cladding is an " application " technique  that provides " insulation "  by reducing sound and heat transfer . You can reach our article about Exterior Cladding Images  from the link.

    Some Imported Thermal Insulation Materials

    Ceramic Wool
    Melamine Foam
    Poly Isocyanate Foam
    PVC Foam
    Vermiculite
    Elastomeric Rubber Foam
    Knauf Vidipan
    Aqua Panel Mesh Cement Based Insulation Materials



  • Exterior Thermal Insulation Materials and Technical Specifications
  • What is External Wall Thermal Insulation?, What Does Thermal Insulation Do?
  • What is External Wall Isolation?, What are the Insulation Types?
  • What is External Wall Isolation, House Insulation Types
  • Exteriror Cladding (Insulation) Materials?




    Types of Thermal Insulation Materials in Buildings

    Metpor Dekor

    Types of Thermal Insulation Materials

    The best heat insulator is dry, still air. Therefore, a thermal insulator would be a material consisting of an infinite number of cells filled with air or static gas. These pockets are made of either tight fibers (mineral wool or natural wool) or bubbles of synthetic material ( polystyrene , polyurethane, etc.).
    The main thermal insulators can be divided into three main families:
    1. Materials designed from mineral products (mineral wool, porous glass, vermiculite, perlite, etc.)
    2. Animal or plant materials (motoneous wool, duck down, linen, cotton wool, coconut, cellulose filler, straw, cork, wood fibres, hemp or cellulose ...)
    3. Synthetic insulation (polystyrene, polyurethane, PVC ...)
    Thermal insulation Two types of insulation:
    - Inexpensive interior insulation does not change the external appearance of the building and allows the space to warm up quickly, a vapor barrier is integrated into the insulation to prevent condensation. This process reduces interior space and creates many thermal bridges that damage the home's heat losses.
    - Or external jacketing makes it possible to make the most of the inertia of the wall during the heating period, some of the heat is absorbed by the wall which gradually releases it and limits the thermal bridges.
    Materials that can store heat are not insulators, but the properties of materials can be used well. Insulation materials and exterior cladding materials of buildings have the ability to physically stop the spread of heat and cold to prevent or hinder them. Inertia is a quality in heating and cooling.
    To create an excellent building material, three conditions must be met:
    1. Do not be too insulating so that heat can enter the material.
    2. Have a good capacity to accumulate heat.
    3. Have high density to store heat in minimum thickness.
    Thermal insulation Know a good insulator
    To select a heat insulator, it is necessary to check the performance of an insulator, which is indicated by two parameters: conductivity coefficient (lambda) and thermal resistance (R).
    The thermal resistance R (resistance of the material to heat transfer through a wall) is expressed in m2 ° C / W and it depends on the conductivity coefficient and the thickness of the insulation. The thermal resistance R of a wall is equal to the thickness of the material divided by the conductivity coefficient. When the available space does not allow a sufficient thickness to be installed, a material with a particularly low conductivity should be sought.
    In order for the insulation  to be successful and to remain intact for a long time, the  sheathing materials used during the application  are of great importance. The sheathing process  can only be permanent with the right material selection and can  meet other goals, especially thermal insulation . In the correct selection of the insulation materials to be used in the buildings  , the characteristics of the building, the purpose of use and the climatic conditions are of great importance.
    The design of the building is also important when making thermal insulation.
     
    Wood has a much better environmental balance than concrete (which is a huge emitter of CO2, because 1 tonne of concrete provides 1 tonne of CO2!). Wood or stone often seems cheap in terms of "embodied energy," but these materials, combined with production and distant shipping, can ruin a building's overall bottom line. 

    In building facade designs, it has become much more important that it appeals to the eye rather than obtaining a standard appearance. For this purpose,  detailed exterior cladding studies are carried  out. However, the  types and prices of these practical exterior cladding materials  vary. 

    The siding-printed exterior claddings  manufactured using  natural sheathing materials  or  the fuga siding models  provide an aesthetic appearance to the exterior  with their wooden texture " Exterior paint " can be applied on it, it is resistant to moisture, does not swell and spill, has long-term durability, is resistant to heat and fire, can be easily applied to all kinds of buildings.

    The reason for this is that the buildings are constructed in different types, the special requests of the individuals, and the preferred thermal insulation materials are of different qualities. There are exterior cladding materials such as stone cladding , parquet profile, wooden wall cladding , and detailed jamb cladding . Generally, it is extremely important to have integrity in site structures. For this reason, what needs to be done is to make the same exterior applications in all buildings and the quality of each of them is the same.           

    Various exterior cladding materials and construction companies or private siding companies create design wonders . Metpor exterior cladding materials , such as siding printing , fuga liner,  terracotta cladding  and wood-patterned exterior cladding, not only  add visuality to buildings,  but also carry  a high degree of  sheathing  , that is,  insulation .       

    Some Thermal Insulation Materials and Types Produced in Turkey

    Glasswool : ( TS 901 – EN13162 )
    Rockwool : ( TS 901 – EN13162 )
    Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) : ( TS7316 – EN13163 )
    Extruded Polystyrene (XPS) : ( TS11989 – EN13164 )
    Polyurethane Foam (PUR) : ( TS
    Glass EN 13165 ) Foam : ( TS EN 13167 )
    Phenol Foam : ( TS 2193 - EN 13166 )
    Polyethylene Foam : ( TS 418 - EN 12201 )
    Cork Boards : ( TS 304 )
    Wood Fiber Boards : ( TS 304 )
    Wood Wool Boards : ( TS EN 13171 )
    Expanded Perlite (EPB) : ( TS EN 13169 )
    Expanded Cork (ICB) : ( TS EN 13170 )

    The main  building curtain wall  systems are facade panel, unit, classical, structural putty and structural sealing. They are materials that protect the effects coming directly from the outside of the building, that is, from the atmosphere, from the wall core of the building.  The main function of siding in buildings; to provide thermal insulation and aesthetically, to provide a decorative feature in terms of architectural appearance. Exterior cladding is an " application " technique  that provides " insulation "  by reducing sound and heat transfer . You can reach our article about Exterior Cladding Images  from the link.

    Some Imported Thermal Insulation Materials

    Ceramic Wool
    Melamine Foam
    Poly Isocyanate Foam
    PVC Foam
    Vermiculite
    Elastomeric Rubber Foam
    Knauf Vidipan
    Aqua Panel Mesh Cement Based Insulation Materials

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