What is a Facade, What are the Types of Facades in Architecture?
Facade as a Construction Term : 1. Each of the faces of a building; especially the front. 2. Appearance.
The coastal part of the buildings facing more than one area on the wide road is called the front facade. If the location of the front façade is not specified in the program development plan, the widest part of the parcel is considered as the front façade.
The prepared program shows the size, style and components of the front facade and rear facade of the building in the zoning plans. While preparing the facade, aesthetic reasons are also taken into consideration. The front of the building also shapes the rear and sides of the building. In the zoning plan, the front façade, rear façade, left side and right side idea of a building are drawn in proportionate dimensions.
Façade, as an architectural definition, is a term used to describe the exterior of a building. In addition to the front face, the term façade is also used for the rear and side faces. The facades of the buildings are more important in terms of design principles and determining the architectural style in the rest of the building. You can click on the link for sheathing and jambs on building facades .
Features of Exterior;
- It should be resistant to the chemical effects of the atmosphere.
- It should not be damaged by the harmful effects of sun rays.
- It should not be damaged due to expansion and contraction that may occur with temperature difference.
- It should not deteriorate in precipitation waters and should not take water inside.
- It should have ventilation feature.
- It must be resistant to wind load and impermeable to wind.
- It should be in accordance with the architectural characteristics of the building and should be aesthetically pleasing.
- Exterior plaster should be easily repairable.
- It should be resistant to all kinds of climatic conditions.
External Wall Foam Styrofoam Materials
As an architectural description, the facade describes the exterior of a building. The term façade is also used to describe the rear and side façades as well as the front. Along with the design elements, exterior applications are made for energy saving. This "exterior application" is the most preferred technique and "exterior jacketing" application. Sheathing is done with the help of exterior cladding panels, which have the ability to adapt to summer and winter conditions on the facades . Exterior cladding panels" are also called exterior foam in the building industry.
Renovating the Exterior of Old Buildings
Winter: Summer does not leave the house, the need for heating decreases. Summer: Summer is not entering the house, there is less demand for cooling. If we focus on energy saving measures, insulation is an important point. The presence of insulation panels on faces, ceilings, false ceilings and floors in the case of horizontal members outdoors or in unaffected rooms.
In the case of a mask, the position of the mask is very important because when removed from the outside, all layers of the body are positioned at a temperature similar to the indoor environment, improving thermal insulation, all thermal bridges. Eliminate and prevent condensation, but the most expensive solution for cost. Installation of scaffolding and accessories.
Wall condition to be insulated. The material from which it is made will have a significant impact. The construction of the building, the presence of cracks, protrusions, metallic elements also significantly reduces the ability of the wall to accumulate heat;
The purpose of the pristine room. As a result, the insulation requirements for bathrooms and garages are different. You need to understand that even when heating the house, the bedroom should be warmer than the hallway.
home location. Here the role is played by the wind, the amount and level of precipitation, the minimum temperature.
Qualified joinery and insulating glass units of thermal insulation materials used in windows are also very important for effective "heat insulation". In order to be able to choose the best thermal insulation materials clearly, knowing the properties of exterior cladding materials is one of the issues to be considered. Of note, window jambs are strong insulating materials. They are basic insulation materials that contribute to energy savings by providing high "insulation" there.
Building exterior insulation materials (heat insulation) programs are more important for buildings in hot climate conditions, contrary to the ongoing belief. As well as building exterior insulation materials programs can be made during the building construction step, jambs can be made effortlessly and economically in occupied buildings with the help of exterior sheathing programs. Along with the humidity stability of the buildings, the thermal stability is also extremely important. Insulation of buildings to achieve thermal stabilityIt should be insulated on roofs like other building elements.
Styrofoam is produced in desired densities according to the usage area. Since its properties can be changed in the desired direction, it does not cause material waste and unnecessary cost increases. It is generally produced in densities of 15 - 30 kg/m3 for heat insulation and in densities of 20 - 100 kg/m3 for use as packaging material. As a final product, Styrofoam also has features such as lightness, easy workability and usability in the manufacture of other materials and composite products. It is called exterior cladding materials used for jamb, buttress, floor wiping, exterior cladding, jacketing on exteriors.