Types of Thermal Insulation
Types of thermal insulation , the most important task in protecting the houses against the effects of heat falls on the external building components. In the case of insulation of the building components connecting to the roof, chimney and floor, especially the exterior facades and windows, the protection of the houses against the effects of the external environment is ensured. What is thermal insulation? You can find more detailed information in our article.
Heat losses from exterior walls in residences vary according to the height of the building. The larger the surface, the greater the heat loss . Heat losses from the exterior walls occur at the level of 40% in multi-storey houses and 25% in single-storey houses. If there is no short-term heating on the walls, exterior thermal insulation types should be preferred, so that the heat storage capacity of the building elements is also utilized. At the same time, this program protects the entire building envelope from precipitation waters and heat stresses and helps to extend the life of the house. What is exterior sheathing? jacketing from our articleYou can access the details of the applications.
Types of Exterior Cladding are listed as follows;
Types of Thermal Insulation in Floors
As in all other building elements, heat losses occur in basements and floors. If there is no thermal insulation on the floors , which have an important place among the types of thermal insulation , the heat losses are 20% in single-storey houses and 6% in multi-storey houses.
Heat insulation materials with high compressive strength against water should be used. The waterproofing to be made can be applied under or over the floor concrete and insulation boards. In cold regions, if the difference between the interior temperature of the houses and the floor temperature is large, thermal insulation should also be applied on the floor sitting on the floor .
Types of Thermal Insulation in Windows
Windows are the architectural building elements with the highest heat permeability, the largest part of the total heat loss of the windows is the transmission heat loss and the heat losses caused by the joints . Heat loss occurs at the rate of 7% in high houses and 20% in single-storey houses . The windows provide heat gain by passing the sunlight in winter, but they immediately lose the heat they gain when there is no sunlight. According to the types of joinery (wood, pvc, metal), windows vary in terms of heat transmission coefficients. The heat loss from the frame is more important than the heat loss from the windows. Frames undertake the role of cold bridge by the heat loss, and for this purpose the material to be used as the frameThe heat transfer coefficients should be low. In recent years, plastic joinery materials and constructions that will reduce the thermal bridge effect have been used. Jamb Application is a thermal insulation application that provides a great advantage among jacketing types .
The hottest area of the rooms is behind the radiators. While the room temperature is 20°C, the temperature behind the radiator rises to 45°C. According to the laws of thermodynamics, the greater the temperature difference between two regions, the greater the heat transfer. One of the areas with the greatest temperature difference with the outside and where the heat is lost the fastest is the rear of the radiator.
Types of Thermal Insulation on Roofs
Along with the humidity stability of the buildings, the heat stability is also extremely important. In order to ensure thermal stability, the houses must be insulated by applying sheathing , and like other building elements, roofs must be included in the insulation program. Houses should be designed in such a way that water evaporates inside and condenses outside. Insulation and building materials should be chosen in such a way that they do not allow condensation of water vapor in order to allow the water vapor to be discharged from inside the houses without condensation and the ventilation and the air to hold more water. Due to the temperature differences between night and day, there is thermal activity in residences. Insulation on roofs This thermal mobility can be fixed at certain rates with insulation application techniques .
Maintaining its leadership in the thermal insulation market with its quality programs, METPOR stands out with the different advantages it offers to its business partners, apart from thermal insulation programs. It stands out as the sheathing company that sets the trends with its quality exterior cladding models and exterior jamb products.
You can find more detailed information about Thermal Insulation Models from the thermal insulation materials link.