Facade Systems, Exterior Cladding Systems
Facade systems have emerged with technological, cultural and social advances and the change in aesthetic understanding. Its use as a building component has been after the use of steel and reinforced concrete in the building market. Curtain facades are more preferred in high-rise buildings because of the fact that there is a thin facade instead of thick and bulky concrete walls, due to both reducing the building load and expanding the usage part of the building. Exterior cladding can be defined as the vertical building envelope that does not carry any other structural load from its own weight and regional loads acting on it.
Curtain wall systems or sheathing systems have many classifications because they do not have a literature for now and the manufacturers put the names they consider ideal for their systems.
METPOR CLASSIC FACADE CLOTHING SYSTEMS
Characteristics: The skeleton, which consists of horizontal and vertical elements, can be anodized or powder coated aluminum, steel profile and PVC - U coated aluminum. For insulated panels , which vary according to the project to be made, there is a wide product range from aluminum or steel plate to glass and expensive composites. The program part of the bar system facades is extremely high. With its simple applicability, the system offers the possibility of use from multi-storey glass towers to a single-storey shop window. It cannot be said that every façade system has a sheathing feature.
Method of Application: Installation time is longer than other pre-production systems. After the parts are cut and assembled in the factory according to the required lengths, they are brought to the area where the program will be made. Records are usually placed at 1.00 and 1.80 m intervals. The created frames are covered with fixed and dynamic windows or with metal, glass or stone- looking insulation materials . Horizontal or vertical elements are closed with metal covers to obtain an aesthetic view.
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Features: Unit façade systems consist of steel or aluminum profiles extending as high as the floor height and glass panels, the assembly procedure of which is applied in factories. It is less preferred than rod systems.
Method of Application: Mechanical support is required in order to mount the panels on the previously placed supports, which are fixed on the carrier system or the floor. With a small scale puttying and sealing procedure that can be applied with a small number of workers, the curtain wall can be installed in a short time and with less labor cost.
METPOR PANEL CLOTHING FACADE SYSTEMS
Features: They are less preferred than unit systems due to the high production and program costs. It consists of prefabricated panels at floor height and each section width it will cover. Since they can be produced as prefabricated, they are more advantageous than other systems.
Application Method: The panel system is attached to the columns or to the floor slabs included in the load-bearing layout of the building. Installing the panels close to the columns reduces the problems that affect the unit and bar systems and caused by the inclination of the floor. The panels can be made of precast concrete with window openings, or they can be made with a steel frame system that can be covered with materials such as stone and metal. Aluminum or galvanized sheet coatings are usually attached to the frame for which the insulation material is fixed.
METPOR STRIP GLASS CARRIER PANEL CLOTHING FACADE SYSTEMS
Features: It is formed by connecting the horizontal band windows between the carrier panels to the columns. In a way, it can be said that the horizontal unit is a system. Strip windows are often used in conjunction with carrier panels. These panels are horizontally extending prefabricated or precast concrete units. At the same time, strip windows are used in conjunction with vertical walls covered with rain shields. These types of systems generally provide horizontal band views in buildings.
METPOR STRUCTURAL PUTTY GASKETING FACADE SYSTEMS
Features: Instead of mechanical parts, glass panels are attached to the metal carrier frame with a factory-applied structural paste (usually silicone). Structural putty program is a method used in bar system and especially in strip curtain wall systems. It is also used in unit and panel systems.
Method of Application: It is connected to the frame in the form of a grid applied on the facade of the building with bolts. In this system, which is called clawed or glass-glass, the elements that make up the skeleton have wider spacing than the traditional bar system. Airtightness of the facade is ensured by sealing the external joints with structural putty again.
METPOR STRUCTURAL GLASS CLADDING FACADE SYSTEMS
Structural Glass - Bolt System: Reinforced glass sheets are mounted with special supports and bolts. The system is supported by a secondary framework to achieve both a flat surface and a highly transparent façade or roof. A delicate or extremely striking secondary carrier system is designed for the glass facade supported by specially designed supports. This system may consist of vertical carriers or it may be a space system. In order to provide airtightness between the parts close to each other and the windows, they are closed with wet joint paste at the construction site.
Structural Glass - Suspension System: In this system, previously collected glass units are hung from above or placed by being raised from the ground, using the wet sealing technique and rectangular corner plates at the construction site. Suspended glass facade systems are the systems that require the least frame requirement. For this reason, they are used in prestige structures. With the aim of making prestigious entrances in parallel with this, it finds program parts in other buildings. Glass supports can be used to reinforce the system. Renovation of old buildingsYou can also check our article. Light shears used in some special cases, while keeping the façade in balance, also serves to transfer the load created by the wind. In the meantime, the weight of the glass on the façade is transferred to the suspension arrangement through the corner joints.