What is Basement?, What is Basement Level?, What Does It Mean?,
The term sub-basement is derived from the French word "soubassement" and has meanings such as upper foundation, sitting, building skirt.
It is frequently encountered that the term subbasement is the subject of mispronunciations in our country and is expressed as "flooding". On the other hand, we would like to point out that the statement that there is a curtain wall, which is applied with the aim of not flooding the buildings, does not fully reflect the truth.
How is the Basin Curtain Determined?
That is, although the sub- basement helps to protect the building from external factors such as water and flooding, it cannot be said that this is its only purpose and terminology. With the help of the basement curtain, the ground level of the building is raised at an ideal cost and the road is brought around the pavement; Thus, it is ensured that the ground level of the building is not lower than the road surroundings and external factors such as water and floods are reduced.
It should also be noted that there is no such thing as a sub-basement in every building. It is decided whether a sub-basement will be needed or not, depending on the ground and the land on which the building sits.
What is Basement Level? The basement level is known as the ground floor level. That is, the upper floor level of the ground floor in buildings is taken as the basement level. Unless otherwise stated in the zoning plan of the buildings, the sub-basement level should not fall below 0.00 and should not exceed +1.20.
How is the Basement Level Determined?
In order to give the sub- basement level, the 0.00 level must first be determined.
In this regard, in order to determine the basement level of the building, before the ground floor concrete is poured, the owner of the building may apply to the relevant municipality and request the necessary leveling procedures to be carried out.
In the Planned Areas Zoning Regulation, many methods are mentioned at the point of determining the 0.00 level in question; If there is no contrary provision in the zoning plan, it is stated that grading from the road is essential.
Again, related to road grading in the relevant Regulation; Buildings can be leveled from the highest pavement level at the level of the building corners of the road façade, where the parcel is leveled; the pavement level will be considered as 0.18 meters above the road level determined according to the red elevation; It is reported that for the purpose of grading, the construction of the road has been completed or the road project has been approved and the red level work must be done.
- The most important factors are the quality of the sheathing materials used during the exterior sheathing programs,the reused material is a package system and this package system consists of materials produced by the producer company as first class. Another reason that requires attention is thedegree of thickness of the insulation material to be used. The more the thickness of the insulation material used in the "exterior cladding" programsincreases, the higher the heat and energy level to be saved.
- Of course, finally, it is the healthy application of a healthy exterior sheathing application, which will be done by applying the sheathing programs with the team sent by the right company, in the most accurate way as a result of the consumption of the right materials. Considering all these reasons, thanks to the thermal insulation, if it is made according to the TS 825 level, as a result of the tests and studies, it has been determined that a fuel and energy saving of 50% to 60% is achieved in the buildings.
What is a Basement Curtain?
The type of curtain produced between the upper level of the foundation and the sub-basement level is called the sub-basement curtain.
Unless otherwise stipulated in the zoning plan regarding the height of the sub-basement wall, a limit height of 1.20 m is specified as stated in the Planned Areas Zoning Regulation.
How is Sub-basement Made? After the foundation construction, starting from the upper level of the foundation, the sub-basement curtain is reached at the previously determined heights. Basement curtains can be made between the upper level of the foundation and the ground floor slab. After the basement curtain formwork and concrete productions, necessary installations are laid in the empty parts in the middle and covered with filling material. The filling material is wetted and then compressed with the necessary equipment. Straw reinforcement is laid on the filling material and lean concrete is laid on it again and the production of the sub-basement is completed. We hope that we have answered the curious questions about
what is the insolation, how to make a plinth curtain, jeans and heights.